Android audio设备的定义

Audio设备的定义位于framework中,分为C++层和Java层的定义。Java层的定义对第三方应用不可见,即通过标准API无法使用。

1.C++中audio设备的定义

audio设备的定义在2.3.7及之前是位于frameworks/base/include/media目录下的AudioSystem.h文件中。

在ics4.0及以后是移到了hardware/libhardware_legacy/include/hardware_legacy目录下的AudioSystemLegacy.h文件中,

但此定义在4.2中已经废弃,需要使用/system/core/include/system/audio.h中的定义。audio.h中音频设备定义如下:

enum {
    AUDIO_DEVICE_NONE                          = 0x0,
    /* reserved bits */
    AUDIO_DEVICE_BIT_IN                        = 0x80000000,
    AUDIO_DEVICE_BIT_DEFAULT                   = 0x40000000,
    /* output devices */
    AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_EARPIECE                  = 0x1,    // 听筒
    AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_SPEAKER                   = 0x2,    // 扬声器
    AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_WIRED_HEADSET             = 0x4,    // 线控耳机,可以通过耳机控制远端播放、暂停、音量调节等功能的耳机
    AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_WIRED_HEADPHONE           = 0x8,    // 普通耳机,只能听,不能操控播放
    AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_SCO             = 0x10,   // 单声道蓝牙耳机,十进制32
    AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_SCO_HEADSET     = 0x20,   // 车载免提蓝牙设备,十进制64
    AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_SCO_CARKIT      = 0x40,   // 立体声蓝牙耳机
    AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_A2DP            = 0x80,   // 十进制128
    AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_A2DP_HEADPHONES = 0x100,  // 十进制256
    AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_A2DP_SPEAKER    = 0x200,  // 十进制512
    AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_AUX_DIGITAL               = 0x400,  // 十进制1024
    AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_ANLG_DOCK_HEADSET         = 0x800,  // 十进制2048
    AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_DGTL_DOCK_HEADSET         = 0x1000, // 十进制4096
    AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_USB_ACCESSORY             = 0x2000,
    AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_USB_DEVICE                = 0x4000,
    AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_REMOTE_SUBMIX             = 0x8000,
    AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_DEFAULT                   = AUDIO_DEVICE_BIT_DEFAULT,
    AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_ALL      = (AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_EARPIECE |
                                 AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_SPEAKER |
                                 AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_WIRED_HEADSET |
                                 AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_WIRED_HEADPHONE |
                                 AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_SCO |
                                 AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_SCO_HEADSET |
                                 AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_SCO_CARKIT |
                                 AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_A2DP |
                                 AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_A2DP_HEADPHONES |
                                 AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_A2DP_SPEAKER |
                                 AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_AUX_DIGITAL |
                                 AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_ANLG_DOCK_HEADSET |
                                 AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_DGTL_DOCK_HEADSET |
                                 AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_USB_ACCESSORY |
                                 AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_USB_DEVICE |
                                 AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_REMOTE_SUBMIX |
                                 AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_DEFAULT),
    AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_ALL_A2DP = (AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_A2DP |
                                 AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_A2DP_HEADPHONES |
                                 AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_A2DP_SPEAKER),
    AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_ALL_SCO  = (AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_SCO |
                                 AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_SCO_HEADSET |
                                 AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_SCO_CARKIT),
    AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_ALL_USB  = (AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_USB_ACCESSORY |
                                 AUDIO_DEVICE_OUT_USB_DEVICE),

    /* input devices */
    AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_COMMUNICATION         = AUDIO_DEVICE_BIT_IN | 0x1,
    AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_AMBIENT               = AUDIO_DEVICE_BIT_IN | 0x2,
    AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_BUILTIN_MIC           = AUDIO_DEVICE_BIT_IN | 0x4,  //手机自带MIC
    AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_BLUETOOTH_SCO_HEADSET = AUDIO_DEVICE_BIT_IN | 0x8,
    AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_WIRED_HEADSET         = AUDIO_DEVICE_BIT_IN | 0x10,  //耳机
    AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_AUX_DIGITAL           = AUDIO_DEVICE_BIT_IN | 0x20,
    AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_VOICE_CALL            = AUDIO_DEVICE_BIT_IN | 0x40,
    AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_BACK_MIC              = AUDIO_DEVICE_BIT_IN | 0x80,
    AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_REMOTE_SUBMIX         = AUDIO_DEVICE_BIT_IN | 0x100,
    AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_ANLG_DOCK_HEADSET     = AUDIO_DEVICE_BIT_IN | 0x200,
    AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_DGTL_DOCK_HEADSET     = AUDIO_DEVICE_BIT_IN | 0x400,
    AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_USB_ACCESSORY         = AUDIO_DEVICE_BIT_IN | 0x800,
    AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_USB_DEVICE            = AUDIO_DEVICE_BIT_IN | 0x1000,
    AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_DEFAULT               = AUDIO_DEVICE_BIT_IN | AUDIO_DEVICE_BIT_DEFAULT,

    AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_ALL     = (AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_COMMUNICATION |
                               AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_AMBIENT |
                               AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_BUILTIN_MIC |
                               AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_BLUETOOTH_SCO_HEADSET |
                               AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_WIRED_HEADSET |
                               AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_AUX_DIGITAL |
                               AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_VOICE_CALL |
                               AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_BACK_MIC |
                               AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_REMOTE_SUBMIX |
                               AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_ANLG_DOCK_HEADSET |
                               AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_DGTL_DOCK_HEADSET |
                               AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_USB_ACCESSORY |
                               AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_USB_DEVICE |
                               AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_DEFAULT),
    AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_ALL_SCO = AUDIO_DEVICE_IN_BLUETOOTH_SCO_HEADSET,
};

2.java中aduio设备的定义

java中对audio设备的定义位于AudioManager.java中,实际是在AudioSystem.java中定义的。

    // This section re-defines new output device constants from AudioSystem, because the AudioSystem
    // class is not used by other parts of the framework, which instead use definitions and methods
    // from AudioManager. AudioSystem is an internal class used by AudioManager and AudioService.

    /** {@hide} The audio output device code for the small speaker at the front of the device used
     *  when placing calls.  Does not refer to an in-ear headphone without attached microphone,
     *  such as earbuds, earphones, or in-ear monitors (IEM). Those would be handled as a
     *  {@link #DEVICE_OUT_WIRED_HEADPHONE}.
     */
    public static final int DEVICE_OUT_EARPIECE = AudioSystem.DEVICE_OUT_EARPIECE;
    /** {@hide} The audio output device code for the built-in speaker */
    public static final int DEVICE_OUT_SPEAKER = AudioSystem.DEVICE_OUT_SPEAKER;
    /** {@hide} The audio output device code for a wired headset with attached microphone */
    public static final int DEVICE_OUT_WIRED_HEADSET = AudioSystem.DEVICE_OUT_WIRED_HEADSET;
    /** {@hide} The audio output device code for a wired headphone without attached microphone */
    public static final int DEVICE_OUT_WIRED_HEADPHONE = AudioSystem.DEVICE_OUT_WIRED_HEADPHONE;
    /** {@hide} The audio output device code for generic Bluetooth SCO, for voice */
    public static final int DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_SCO = AudioSystem.DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_SCO;
    /** {@hide} The audio output device code for Bluetooth SCO Headset Profile (HSP) and
     *  Hands-Free Profile (HFP), for voice
     */
    public static final int DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_SCO_HEADSET =
            AudioSystem.DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_SCO_HEADSET;
    /** {@hide} The audio output device code for Bluetooth SCO car audio, for voice */
    public static final int DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_SCO_CARKIT =
            AudioSystem.DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_SCO_CARKIT;
    /** {@hide} The audio output device code for generic Bluetooth A2DP, for music */
    public static final int DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_A2DP = AudioSystem.DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_A2DP;
    /** {@hide} The audio output device code for Bluetooth A2DP headphones, for music */
    public static final int DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_A2DP_HEADPHONES =
            AudioSystem.DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_A2DP_HEADPHONES;
    /** {@hide} The audio output device code for Bluetooth A2DP external speaker, for music */
    public static final int DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_A2DP_SPEAKER =
            AudioSystem.DEVICE_OUT_BLUETOOTH_A2DP_SPEAKER;
    /** {@hide} The audio output device code for S/PDIF or HDMI */
    public static final int DEVICE_OUT_AUX_DIGITAL = AudioSystem.DEVICE_OUT_AUX_DIGITAL;
    /** {@hide} The audio output device code for an analog wired headset attached via a
     *  docking station
     */
    public static final int DEVICE_OUT_ANLG_DOCK_HEADSET = AudioSystem.DEVICE_OUT_ANLG_DOCK_HEADSET;
    /** {@hide} The audio output device code for a digital wired headset attached via a
     *  docking station
     */
    public static final int DEVICE_OUT_DGTL_DOCK_HEADSET = AudioSystem.DEVICE_OUT_DGTL_DOCK_HEADSET;
    /** {@hide} The audio output device code for a USB audio accessory. The accessory is in USB host
     * mode and the Android device in USB device mode
     */
    public static final int DEVICE_OUT_USB_ACCESSORY = AudioSystem.DEVICE_OUT_USB_ACCESSORY;
    /** {@hide} The audio output device code for a USB audio device. The device is in USB device
     * mode and the Android device in USB host mode
     */
    public static final int DEVICE_OUT_USB_DEVICE = AudioSystem.DEVICE_OUT_USB_DEVICE;
    /** {@hide} This is not used as a returned value from {@link #getDevicesForStream}, but could be
     *  used in the future in a set method to select whatever default device is chosen by the
     *  platform-specific implementation.
     */
    public static final int DEVICE_OUT_DEFAULT = AudioSystem.DEVICE_OUT_DEFAULT;
由于以上定义对第三方不可见,使用时需要使用 setSpeakerphoneOn(), setBluetoothScoOn()来设置。





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