Android Sqlite数据库执行插入查询更新删除的操作对比

下面是在Android4.0上,利用Sqlite数据库的insert,query,update,delete函数以及execSql,rawQuery函数执行插入,查询,更新,删除操作花费时间的对比结果。

是在执行相同的动作,记录条数也一样的情况下的对比,多次验证的结果是:

(1)如果批量执行的记录数在1000条,则Android SqliteDatabase提供的insert,query,update,delete函数和直接写SQL文的execSql,rawQuery的效率差不多,几乎一样。所以使用哪种放到都可以,不会影响到执行效率。

(2)如果批量执行的记录数在10万条,则会存在差别。在某台手机上SqliteDatabase提供的insert执行插入操作耗时45秒,要比execSql插入35秒慢10秒左右。

可见在数据库大的情况下,还是有差别的。execSql省去了拼接sql语句的步骤,要比SqliteDatabase提供的insert,query,update,delete等函数效率高。当数据库越大,差别也越大。

下面是验证代码:

public class MainActivity extends Activity {
	private static final String TAG = "MainActivity";
	
	private DBHelper mDbHelper = null;
	private static TextView mTvInfo;
	private static ProgressDialog mDialog = null;
	
	private static Handler mHandler = new Handler() {
		@Override
		public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
			// TODO Auto-generated method stub
			if(mDialog != null) {
				mDialog.dismiss();
				mDialog = null;
			}
			if (msg.what == 0) {
				Bundle b = msg.getData();
				int seconds = b.getInt("seconds");
	            int ms = b.getInt("ms");
	            StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder("insert插入1000条记录花费时间:");
	            if (seconds > 0) {
	            	builder.append(seconds).append("s ");
	            }
	            builder.append(ms).append("ms");
	            String strLines[] = mTvInfo.getText().toString().split("\n");
	            // 最多显示8条信息
	            for (int i = 0; i < strLines.length; i++) {
            		builder.append('\n').append(strLines[i]);
            		if (i == 6) {
            			break; // 加上原来最多7条信息,共显示8条信息
            		}
            	}
				mTvInfo.setText(builder.toString());
			} else if (msg.what == 1) {
				Bundle b = msg.getData();
				int seconds = b.getInt("seconds");
	            int ms = b.getInt("ms");
	            StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder("execSql插入1000条记录花费时间:");
	            if (seconds > 0) {
	            	builder.append(seconds).append("s ");
	            }
	            builder.append(ms).append("ms");
	            
	            String strLines[] = mTvInfo.getText().toString().split("\n");
	            // 最多显示8条信息
	            for (int i = 0; i < strLines.length; i++) {
            		builder.append('\n').append(strLines[i]);
            		if (i == 6) {
            			break; // 加上原来最多7条信息,共显示8条信息
            		}
            	}
				mTvInfo.setText(builder.toString());
			} else if (msg.what == 10) {
				Bundle b = msg.getData();
				int count = b.getInt("count");
				int seconds = b.getInt("seconds");
	            int ms = b.getInt("ms");
	            StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder("query查询");
	            builder.append(count).append("条记录花费时间:");
	            if (seconds > 0) {
	            	builder.append(seconds).append("s ");
	            }
	            builder.append(ms).append("ms");
	            
	            String strLines[] = mTvInfo.getText().toString().split("\n");
	            // 最多显示8条信息
            	for (int i = 0; i < strLines.length; i++) {
            		builder.append('\n').append(strLines[i]);
            		if (i == 6) {
            			break; // 加上原来最多7条信息,共显示8条信息
            		}
            	}
				mTvInfo.setText(builder.toString());
			} else if (msg.what == 11) {
				Bundle b = msg.getData();
				int count = b.getInt("count");
				int seconds = b.getInt("seconds");
	            int ms = b.getInt("ms");
	            StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder("rawQuery查询");
	            builder.append(count).append("条记录花费时间:");
	            if (seconds > 0) {
	            	builder.append(seconds).append("s ");
	            }
	            builder.append(ms).append("ms");
	            
	            String strLines[] = mTvInfo.getText().toString().split("\n");
	            // 最多显示8条信息
	            for (int i = 0; i < strLines.length; i++) {
            		builder.append('\n').append(strLines[i]);
            		if (i == 6) {
            			break; // 加上原来最多7条信息,共显示8条信息
            		}
            	}
				mTvInfo.setText(builder.toString());
			} else if (msg.what == 20) {
				Bundle b = msg.getData();
				int count = b.getInt("count");
				int seconds = b.getInt("seconds");
	            int ms = b.getInt("ms");
	            StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder("update更新");
	            builder.append(count).append("条记录花费时间:");
	            if (seconds > 0) {
	            	builder.append(seconds).append("s ");
	            }
	            builder.append(ms).append("ms");
	            
	            String strLines[] = mTvInfo.getText().toString().split("\n");
	            // 最多显示8条信息
            	for (int i = 0; i < strLines.length; i++) {
            		builder.append('\n').append(strLines[i]);
            		if (i == 6) {
            			break; // 加上原来最多7条信息,共显示8条信息
            		}
            	}
				mTvInfo.setText(builder.toString());
			} else if (msg.what == 21) {
				Bundle b = msg.getData();
				int seconds = b.getInt("seconds");
	            int ms = b.getInt("ms");
	            StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder("execSql更新1000条记录花费时间:");
	            if (seconds > 0) {
	            	builder.append(seconds).append("s ");
	            }
	            builder.append(ms).append("ms");
	            
	            String strLines[] = mTvInfo.getText().toString().split("\n");
	            // 最多显示8条信息
	            for (int i = 0; i < strLines.length; i++) {
            		builder.append('\n').append(strLines[i]);
            		if (i == 6) {
            			break; // 加上原来最多7条信息,共显示8条信息
            		}
            	}
				mTvInfo.setText(builder.toString());
			} else if (msg.what == 30) {
				Bundle b = msg.getData();
				int count = b.getInt("count");
				int seconds = b.getInt("seconds");
	            int ms = b.getInt("ms");
	            StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder("delete删除");
	            builder.append(count).append("条记录花费时间:");
	            if (seconds > 0) {
	            	builder.append(seconds).append("s ");
	            }
	            builder.append(ms).append("ms");
	            
	            String strLines[] = mTvInfo.getText().toString().split("\n");
	            // 最多显示8条信息
            	for (int i = 0; i < strLines.length; i++) {
            		builder.append('\n').append(strLines[i]);
            		if (i == 6) {
            			break; // 加上原来最多7条信息,共显示8条信息
            		}
            	}
				mTvInfo.setText(builder.toString());
			} else if (msg.what == 31) {
				Bundle b = msg.getData();
				int seconds = b.getInt("seconds");
	            int ms = b.getInt("ms");
	            StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder("execSql删除1000条记录花费时间:");
	            if (seconds > 0) {
	            	builder.append(seconds).append("s ");
	            }
	            builder.append(ms).append("ms");
	            
	            String strLines[] = mTvInfo.getText().toString().split("\n");
	            // 最多显示8条信息
	            for (int i = 0; i < strLines.length; i++) {
            		builder.append('\n').append(strLines[i]);
            		if (i == 6) {
            			break; // 加上原来最多7条信息,共显示8条信息
            		}
            	}
				mTvInfo.setText(builder.toString());
			}
			
			
		}
	};
	    
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        
        Button btnCreateDb = (Button)findViewById(R.id.btnCreateDb);
        btnCreateDb.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
        	
        	@Override
        	public void onClick(View arg0) {
        		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
        		mDbHelper = new DBHelper(MainActivity.this, "test", null, 1);
        	}
        	
        });
        
        // insert插入
        Button btnInsert = (Button)findViewById(R.id.btnInsert);
        btnInsert.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
        	
        	@Override
        	public void onClick(View arg0) {
        		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
        		if (mDbHelper != null) {
        			mDialog = ProgressDialog.show(MainActivity.this, "insert插入", "正在插入1000条记录,请稍等……", true);
					new Thread() { // 开启线程执行防止阻塞
						@Override
						public void run() {
							SQLiteDatabase db = mDbHelper.getWritableDatabase();
							try {
								// 利用事物批量插入数据以提高效率
			        			ContentValues values = new ContentValues();
			        			long startms = System.currentTimeMillis();
			                    db.beginTransaction();
			                    for (int i = 0; i < 1000; i++) {
				        			values.put("name", new String("张三") + i);
				        			values.put("birthday", "2012-12-08");
				        			values.put("gender", i%2);
				        			db.insert("student", null, values);
			                    }
			                    db.setTransactionSuccessful();
			                    db.endTransaction();
			                    long endms = System.currentTimeMillis();
			                    int seconds = (int)((endms - startms)/1000);
			                    int ms = (int)((endms - startms)%1000);
			                    
			                    Message msg = new Message();
			                    msg.what = 0;
			                    // 使用bundle对象来传递数据
			                    Bundle b = new Bundle();
			                    if(seconds > 0) {
			                    	b.putInt("seconds", seconds);
			                    }
			                    b.putInt("ms", ms);
			                    msg.setData(b);
			                    mHandler.sendMessage(msg);
		        			} catch(Exception e) {
			    				e.printStackTrace();
			    			} finally {
			    				db.close(); // 关闭数据库
			    			}
	        			}
	        		}.start();
        		} else {
        			Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "请先创建数据库!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        		}
        	}
        });
        
        // execSQL插入
        Button btnExecSqlInsert = (Button)findViewById(R.id.btnExecSqlInsert);
        btnExecSqlInsert.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

			@Override
			public void onClick(View arg0) {
				// TODO Auto-generated method stub
				if (mDbHelper != null) {
					mDialog = ProgressDialog.show(MainActivity.this, "execSQL插入", "正在插入1000条记录,请稍等……", true);
					new Thread() { // 开启线程执行防止阻塞
						@Override
						public void run() {
							SQLiteDatabase db = mDbHelper.getWritableDatabase();
							try {
								// 利用事物批量插入数据以提高效率
			        			long startms = System.currentTimeMillis();
			                    db.beginTransaction();
			                    for (int i = 0; i < 1000; i++) {
				        			db.execSQL("INSERT INTO student(name, birthday, gender) values(?, ?, ?)" ,
				        					new Object[]{new String("李四" + i), "2012-12-08", i%2});
			                    }
			                    db.setTransactionSuccessful();
			                    db.endTransaction();
			                    long endms = System.currentTimeMillis();
			                    int seconds = (int)((endms - startms)/1000);
			                    int ms = (int)((endms - startms)%1000);
			                    
			                    Message msg = new Message();
			                    msg.what = 1;
			                    // 使用bundle对象来传递数据
			                    Bundle b = new Bundle();
			                    if(seconds > 0) {
			                    	b.putInt("seconds", seconds);
			                    }
			                    b.putInt("ms", ms);
			                    msg.setData(b);
			                    mHandler.sendMessage(msg);
		        			} catch(Exception e) {
			    				e.printStackTrace();
			    			} finally {
			    				db.close(); // 关闭数据库
			    			}
	        			}
	        		}.start();
				}else {
        			Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "请先创建数据库!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        		}
			}
        	
        });
        
        // query查询
        Button btnQuery = (Button)findViewById(R.id.btnQuery);
        btnQuery.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
        	
        	@Override
        	public void onClick(View arg0) {
        		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
        		if (mDbHelper != null) {
        			mDialog = ProgressDialog.show(MainActivity.this, "query查询", "正在查询记录,请稍等……", true);
        			new Thread() { // 开启线程执行防止阻塞
						@Override
						public void run() {
		        			SQLiteDatabase db = mDbHelper.getWritableDatabase();
		        			
		        			try {
			        			Log.d(TAG, "query Start:" + getDate());
			        			long startms = System.currentTimeMillis();
			                    // 查询所有记录
			                    Cursor c = db.query("student", null, null, null, null, null, new String("id ASC LIMIT 0,1000"));
			                    Log.d(TAG, "query End:" + getDate());
			                    long endms = System.currentTimeMillis();
			                    int seconds = (int)((endms - startms)/1000);
			                    int ms = (int)((endms - startms)%1000);
			                    if (c != null) {
			                    	Message msg = new Message();
				                    msg.what = 10;
				                    // 使用bundle对象来传递数据
				                    Bundle b = new Bundle();
				                    b.putInt("count", c.getCount());
				                    if(seconds > 0) {
				                    	b.putInt("seconds", seconds);
				                    }
				                    b.putInt("ms", ms);
				                    msg.setData(b);
				                    mHandler.sendMessage(msg);
			                    	c.close();
			                    }
		        			} catch(Exception e) {
			    				e.printStackTrace();
			    			} finally {
			    				db.close(); // 关闭数据库
			    			}
						}
        			}.start();
        		}else {
        			Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "请先创建数据库!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        		}
        	}
        	
        });
        
        // rawQuery查询
        Button btnRawQuery = (Button)findViewById(R.id.btnRawQuery);
        btnRawQuery.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

			@Override
			public void onClick(View arg0) {
				// TODO Auto-generated method stub
				if (mDbHelper != null) {
					mDialog = ProgressDialog.show(MainActivity.this, "rawQuery查询", "正在查询记录,请稍等……", true);
					new Thread() { // 开启线程执行防止阻塞
						@Override
						public void run() {
		        			SQLiteDatabase db = mDbHelper.getWritableDatabase();
		        			
		        			try {
			        			Log.d(TAG, "rawQuery Start:" + getDate());
			        			long startms = System.currentTimeMillis();
			                    // 查询所有记录
			        			Cursor c = db.rawQuery("SELECT * FROM student ORDER BY id ASC LIMIT 0,1000", null);
			                    Log.d(TAG, "rawQuery End:" + getDate());
			                    long endms = System.currentTimeMillis();
			                    int seconds = (int)((endms - startms)/1000);
			                    int ms = (int)((endms - startms)%1000);
			                    if (c != null) {
			                    	Message msg = new Message();
				                    msg.what = 11;
				                    // 使用bundle对象来传递数据
				                    Bundle b = new Bundle();
				                    b.putInt("count", c.getCount());
				                    if(seconds > 0) {
				                    	b.putInt("seconds", seconds);
				                    }
				                    b.putInt("ms", ms);
				                    msg.setData(b);
				                    mHandler.sendMessage(msg);
			                    	c.close();
			                    }
		        			} catch(Exception e) {
			    				e.printStackTrace();
			    			} finally {
			    				db.close(); // 关闭数据库
			    			}
						}
        			}.start();
				} else {
        			Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "请先创建数据库!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        		}
			}
        	
        });
        
        // update更新
        Button btnUpdate = (Button)findViewById(R.id.btnUpdate);
        btnUpdate.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
        	
        	@Override
        	public void onClick(View arg0) {
        		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
        		if (mDbHelper != null) {
        			mDialog = ProgressDialog.show(MainActivity.this, "update更新", "正在更新1000条记录,请稍等……", true);
					new Thread() { // 开启线程执行防止阻塞
						@Override
						public void run() {
							SQLiteDatabase db = mDbHelper.getWritableDatabase();
							try {
			        			ContentValues values = new ContentValues();
			        			long startms = System.currentTimeMillis();
			        			values.put("name", new String("王五"));
			        			values.put("birthday", "2012-12-09");
			        			values.put("gender", 0);
			        			int count = db.update("student", values, new String("id IN (SELECT id FROM student ORDER BY id ASC LIMIT 0,1000)"), null);
			                    long endms = System.currentTimeMillis();
			                    int seconds = (int)((endms - startms)/1000);
			                    int ms = (int)((endms - startms)%1000);
			                    
			                    Message msg = new Message();
			                    msg.what = 20;
			                    // 使用bundle对象来传递数据
			                    Bundle b = new Bundle();
			                    b.putInt("count", count);
			                    if(seconds > 0) {
			                    	b.putInt("seconds", seconds);
			                    }
			                    b.putInt("ms", ms);
			                    msg.setData(b);
			                    mHandler.sendMessage(msg);
		        			} catch(Exception e) {
			    				e.printStackTrace();
			    			} finally {
			    				db.close(); // 关闭数据库
			    			}
	        			}
	        		}.start();
        		} else {
        			Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "请先创建数据库!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        		}
        	}
        });
        
        // execSQL更新
        Button btnExecSqlUpdate = (Button)findViewById(R.id.btnExecSqlUpdate);
        btnExecSqlUpdate.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

			@Override
			public void onClick(View arg0) {
				// TODO Auto-generated method stub
				if (mDbHelper != null) {
					mDialog = ProgressDialog.show(MainActivity.this, "execSQL更新", "正在更新1000条记录,请稍等……", true);
					new Thread() { // 开启线程执行防止阻塞
						@Override
						public void run() {
							SQLiteDatabase db = mDbHelper.getWritableDatabase();
							try {
			        			long startms = System.currentTimeMillis();
				        		db.execSQL("UPDATE student SET name = ?, birthday = ?, gender = ? WHERE id IN (SELECT id FROM student ORDER BY id ASC LIMIT 0,1000)" ,
				        				new Object[]{new String("马六"), "2012-12-10", 1});
			                    long endms = System.currentTimeMillis();
			                    int seconds = (int)((endms - startms)/1000);
			                    int ms = (int)((endms - startms)%1000);
			                    
			                    Message msg = new Message();
			                    msg.what = 21;
			                    // 使用bundle对象来传递数据
			                    Bundle b = new Bundle();
			                    if(seconds > 0) {
			                    	b.putInt("seconds", seconds);
			                    }
			                    b.putInt("ms", ms);
			                    msg.setData(b);
			                    mHandler.sendMessage(msg);
		        			} catch(Exception e) {
			    				e.printStackTrace();
			    			} finally {
			    				db.close(); // 关闭数据库
			    			}
	        			}
	        		}.start();
				}else {
        			Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "请先创建数据库!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        		}
			}
        	
        });
        
        // delete删除
        Button btnDelete = (Button)findViewById(R.id.btnDelete);
        btnDelete.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
        	
        	@Override
        	public void onClick(View arg0) {
        		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
        		if (mDbHelper != null) {
        			mDialog = ProgressDialog.show(MainActivity.this, "delete删除", "正在删除1000条记录,请稍等……", true);
					new Thread() { // 开启线程执行防止阻塞
						@Override
						public void run() {
							SQLiteDatabase db = mDbHelper.getWritableDatabase();
							try {
			        			long startms = System.currentTimeMillis();
			                    int count = db.delete("student", new String("id IN (SELECT id FROM student ORDER BY id ASC LIMIT 0,1000)"), null);
			                    long endms = System.currentTimeMillis();
			                    int seconds = (int)((endms - startms)/1000);
			                    int ms = (int)((endms - startms)%1000);
			                    
			                    Message msg = new Message();
			                    msg.what = 30;
			                    // 使用bundle对象来传递数据
			                    Bundle b = new Bundle();
			                    b.putInt("count", count);
			                    if(seconds > 0) {
			                    	b.putInt("seconds", seconds);
			                    }
			                    b.putInt("ms", ms);
			                    msg.setData(b);
			                    mHandler.sendMessage(msg);
		        			} catch(Exception e) {
			    				e.printStackTrace();
			    			} finally {
			    				db.close(); // 关闭数据库
			    			}
	        			}
	        		}.start();
        		} else {
        			Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "请先创建数据库!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        		}
        	}
        });
        
        // execSQL删除
        Button btnExecSqlDelete = (Button)findViewById(R.id.btnExecSqlDelete);
        btnExecSqlDelete.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

			@Override
			public void onClick(View arg0) {
				// TODO Auto-generated method stub
				if (mDbHelper != null) {
					mDialog = ProgressDialog.show(MainActivity.this, "execSQL删除", "正在删除1000条记录,请稍等……", true);
					new Thread() { // 开启线程执行防止阻塞
						@Override
						public void run() {
							SQLiteDatabase db = mDbHelper.getWritableDatabase();
							try {
			        			long startms = System.currentTimeMillis();
			        			db.execSQL("DELETE FROM student WHERE id IN (SELECT id FROM student ORDER BY id ASC LIMIT 0,1000)");
			                    long endms = System.currentTimeMillis();
			                    int seconds = (int)((endms - startms)/1000);
			                    int ms = (int)((endms - startms)%1000);
			                    
			                    Message msg = new Message();
			                    msg.what = 31;
			                    // 使用bundle对象来传递数据
			                    Bundle b = new Bundle();
			                    if(seconds > 0) {
			                    	b.putInt("seconds", seconds);
			                    }
			                    b.putInt("ms", ms);
			                    msg.setData(b);
			                    mHandler.sendMessage(msg);
		        			} catch(Exception e) {
			    				e.printStackTrace();
			    			} finally {
			    				db.close(); // 关闭数据库
			    			}
	        			}
	        		}.start();
				}else {
        			Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "请先创建数据库!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        		}
			}
        	
        });
        
        mTvInfo = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.tvInfo);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.activity_main, menu);
        return true;
    }
    
	/**  
     * 获取系统时间  
     * @return  
     */  
 	public static String getDate(){
 		Calendar ca = Calendar.getInstance();   
 		int year = ca.get(Calendar.YEAR);			// 获取年份   
 		int month = ca.get(Calendar.MONTH);			// 获取月份    
 		int day = ca.get(Calendar.DATE);			// 获取日   
 		int minute = ca.get(Calendar.MINUTE);		// 分    
 		int hour = ca.get(Calendar.HOUR);			// 小时    
 		int second = ca.get(Calendar.SECOND);		// 秒   
 		int millisecond = ca.get(Calendar.MILLISECOND); // 毫秒
     
 		String date = year + "/" + (month + 1 )+ "/" + day + " "+ hour + ":" + minute + ":" + second + ":" + millisecond;   
  
        return date;         
    }
}
执行效果图:



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